The Crimea is a peninsula in the South of Ukraine washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. The peninsula is known for variable climate types and landscapes. The main industries are wine-growing and tourism. The Crimea was a national health resort of the USSR. Subtropical climate of the southern coast with cool springs and long dry autumns have favoured the development of wine-growing since the ancient times. Nowadays, the Crimea is the main provider of wine in Ukraine. Tourist business there has been developed since the time of Russian Tzars, when the Crimea belonged to the Russian Empire. Tourists are attracted by unique landscapes, favourable climate, historical monuments representing secular palatial architecture , 200 of which are of international significance, up to 1000 museums: of regional studies, historical, natural-science, literary, artistic, national, etc. There are known about 1000 caves there but only 4 of them are open for visiting, namely Red Cave, Marble Cave, Emine Bay?r Hasar, and Three-eyed Cave. Variety and beauty of the landscape, fresh mountain and sea air, warm sea waters, unique forests, spacious beaches, developed highways to the most picturesque places – all this makes the Crimea attractive for both international and local visitors.